Never before have so many cybercrime incidences, i.e. computer-related crimes, been registered in Estonia. Here it is necessary to distinguish between computer-related frauds (section 213 of the Penal Code) and computer data and system crimes (sections 206–207 and 216–217 of the Penal Code) – the latter are more complex in nature and procedure. A typical computer crime is capturing a victim’s online account, with the victim being predominantly a younger woman. However, in addition to young people, older people also fall victim to investment frauds. Computer system congestion and other similar activities accounted for a small share (5%) in numbers but high share of cybercrime.

A victimisation survey shows that as many as 40% of people were exposed to phishing attacks in the last year.

Change in cybercrime 197 computer data and system crimes + 768 computer frauds
Types of computer frauds
Kelmide siht on 55-64- ja 22-34-aastased inimesed

Fraudsters target
people aged 55–64 and 22–34

Computer data and system crimes

Attacks overload network devices and communication channels, disrupt the web, services, phones, and so on.

Types of computer data and system crimes

The average (median) amount of damage caused by computer data and system crimes was €1,346 and €3,788 with false invoices.



Average loss for companies


Average loss for people


Average loss caused by false invoices


Of the victims of computer data and system crimes (if known), 2/3 were natural persons and the rest were companies.

Average age of victim: 35 years; Men 33 years; Women 37 years
Form of victims of computer data and system crimes
Sex of victims of computer data and system crimes
Exposure of people to computer data and system crime according to the survey data (2019)
Question: Has there been /… / on the Internet in the last year (asked by those who use the Internet at least once a week)?

Enquiries: Mari-Liis Sööt, Ministry of Justice (