Never before have so many cybercrime incidences, i.e. computer-related crimes, been registered in Estonia. Here it is necessary to distinguish between computer-related frauds (section 213 of the Penal Code) and computer data and system crimes (sections 206–207 and 216–217 of the Penal Code) – the latter are more complex in nature and procedure. A typical computer crime is capturing a victim’s online account, with the victim being predominantly a younger woman. However, in addition to young people, older people also fall victim to investment frauds. Computer system congestion and other similar activities accounted for a small share (5%) in numbers but high share of cybercrime.
A victimisation survey shows that as many as 40% of people were exposed to phishing attacks in the last year.
The average (median) amount of damage caused by computer data and system crimes was €1,346 and €3,788 with false invoices.
Average loss for companies
Average loss for people
Average loss caused by false invoices
Of the victims of computer data and system crimes (if known), 2/3 were natural persons and the rest were companies.